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How to Repot a Plant? Complete Guideline with Step by Step Process

A plant growth process has many stages and proper care needs to be taken at every stage. Among a number of stages of plant growth, repotting is one such step that you need to perform. But do you know when to repot a plant and how to do this process successfully without killing it? Well, this article will be your guide. 

In your gardening journey, when you have planted a sapling in a pot, it will grow with timely watering and sunlight. But at one stage, the plant grows long, and the pot bursts out. Near this stage, you need to pull it, place it in a new pot, add soil, and let the plant grow.

However, if you want to understand when a plant needs repotting, then here are few signs:

  • When you look at the plant and pot size, the plant looks simply big.
  • No water absorption by the soil. Even after hours of watering the plant, you can see water on the top.
  • You can witness the roots coming out of the drainage holes.
  • It’s been a long time since you have repotted it.
  • The soil is dried out and it looks like it is separating.

Though you are repotting a plant just because it is flourishing or you want to decorate your plant pot, we will provide you with detailed information. Furthermore, before getting into the step-by-step process, let’s have a look at all the supplies that you need to do the process.

New Pot – Take a new pot that is larger than the present plant pot. Ensure that it has drainage holes before going forward.

Potting Mix – When you are repotting the plant, you need extra soil that can help the plant grow with added nutrients.

Porous Material – In order to cover the drainage holes in your pot, you need a porous material, and coffee filters can do great.

Trowel – When you are trying to remove the plant, a trowel can act as a helping tool. It is a mini shovel that can be used as a handy. 

Scissors or a Sharp Knife – While repotting a plant, big roots and stems might disturb the process. However, you can use a sharp knife or scissors to cut the excess roots and stems. 

Gloves – Gardening gloves might not be necessary but they can stop dirt from getting under the nails. 

Watering Can – After repotting the plant, you can use a watering can to water the plant easily. 

Step by Step Process of Repotting a Plant: –

Step 1: Take a Larger Pot

The reason for repotting your plant is the plant is growing bigger and the roots are bursting out. In order to make the plant grow healthy and strong, it should have enough space and support for the roots. So, choose a larger pot with drainage holes as they can let the excess water drain. In a larger space and support, the plant enjoys its growth journey. 

Step 2: Cover the Drainage Holes

If you put soil directly in the pot, the soil may fall down from the drainage holes. However, in order to prevent this, you can cover the drainage holes with a coffee filter or any other porous material. 

Step 3: Layer Soil in the New Pot

Before you place the plant in a new pot, add the base layer of the soil. This can give a healthy plant growth with enough space for the roots. 

Step 4: Water the Plant

When you are planning to repot a plant, make sure you water the plant thoroughly. This can keep the root ball together and maintain your plant healthy. 

Step 5: Get the Plant Out from its Old Pot 

If you think that you can get the plant out by just pulling it, then you are absolutely on the wrong go. You need to loosen the soil from the pot and allow it to fall out easily. For this, you can use your hand with gloves, turn it upside down, and try to rotate the plant a few inches in different directions. You can also use a knife as a helping tool to separate the plant from the pot. 

Step 6: Untangle Old Roots

If the roots of the plant are growing out of the pot, then remove or prune those extra roots and untangle them. This can help the plant flourish with healthy roots. 

Step 7: Place the Plant in a New and Larger Pot

Now, it’s time to move the plant to its new home. Place the plant upright and centered, then press it firmly. When you have patted it down, water the plant and help it to settle. 

Furthermore, it is very important to take maximum care of the new potted plant. 

  • After repotting, your plant needs extra moisture and so, water the plant frequently. 
  • Do not let the plant get exposed to direct sunlight. The plant will be sensitive in the initial days. 
  • Plan to add on fertilizer after a month. 

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